Monday, May 30, 2005

Busselton Australia

Busselton Australia

Busselton Australia is on the south west coast of WA and is one of Western Australians favourite destinations. (This photo by Christian Fletcher is of Busselton's Geographe Bay and will feature on the new Busselton Online website.)

The Busselton area is often referred to by Perth residents as "down south", being located 232km south of Perth, Busselton has a population of over 25,000 and is one of Australia's fastest growing centres with an average annual growth rate of 4.5%.

The first recorded mapping of what is now Geographe Bay and the eventual town of Busselton, was in 1801 by the French explorer Nicolas Baudin, from the ships the Geographe and Naturaliste. The Bay was named after his ship whilst the river was named the Vasse after a sailor who was lost in the surf when a landing party was returning to the ship at night.

The area was settled in 1832 when families from the Augusta area, led by John Garrett Bussell, travelled north to farm the areas around the Vasse River after they found the Cape Leeuwin area to be largely infertile and difficult to reach by sea.

A growing port serviced the settlers and the subsequent local industries that developed which included the exportation of horses to India and a developing trade in beef, dairy and timber (which continue to be major exports of the Busselton area to this day). Construction of the Busselton jetty began in 1865 and by 1960 had reached out 2 kilometres from the shore.

Prior to white settlement, this area is the traditional land of the Noongar Aboriginal people with many Noongar names and travel routes still widely used today. The Noongar (which means "man") people have occupied the south west area of Western Australia for around 38,000 years and their traditional stories tell of the Waagle (or Rainbow Serpent) giving life and sustenance to their people who in return were the caretakers of the land.

Enjoying a mild Mediterranean climate, the town and suburbs have grown along the shores of Geographe Bay and naturally enough water sports, tourism as well as a growing seafoods industry, feature highly in the local lifestyle and economy.

Western Australia is Australia's largest state, comprising about one-third of Australia's land mass and occupying over 2.5 million square kilometres in area. WA is divided into 10 regional areas - the South West, Mid West, North West, Peel, Wheatbelt, Great Southern, Goldfields-Esperance, Pilbara, Gascoyne and Kimberley.

The South West area of WA is one of the world's great places to live, with a Mediterranean climate, sandy-white beaches, beautiful native forests and all the infrastructure expected of a modern western society.

Busselton is the tourism hub in WA's "South West", an area that is home to the Margaret River wine region and major coal, alumina and mineral sands industries; a region that boasts around 8,000 businesses and a GDP of over $5 billion. Presently it is about a 2.5 hour drive from Perth to Bunbury, but this will be reduced by 30 minutes on the completion of the recently announced Bunbury Highway or Peel Deviation. Other Western Australian tourism towns in the South West are Bunbury, Margaret River, Donnybrook, Manjimup, Augusta, Pemberton, Collie, Harvey and Bridgetown.

Busselton is well known for its jetty (the longest wooden jetty in the southern hemisphere) and its surrounding beach area. The jetty was previously in 2 sections, the main jetty and the railway jetty that converged, but in 1978 the main jetty section was destroyed by Cyclone Alby.

The original jetty was built in the 1840’s for 80 pounds and was 528 feet long but it was extended 9 times over the next 36 years before the construction of the railway jetty in 1909 where the jetty eventually reached over a mile into the bay.

Today there is an ornamental train service that will ferry passengers the length of the jetty to a new underwater observatory on the sea floor. The underwater observatory is open 7 days and accommodates up to 40 persons.

The Busselton jetty is home to the world’s southernmost coral formations and host to over 300 individual marine species, being fed by the warm waters of the Leeuwin current from Indonesia. Busselton is also home to the world's last native Tuart forest, just north of the Busselton townsite at Wonnerup.

Another “underwater” feature is the HMAS Swan dive wreck, sunk in 30m waters off Point Piquet at Meelup in 1997. The Swan was the first ship in the southern hemisphere to be sunk as a dive wreck and is now a living artificial reef and home to King George Whiting, Bullseyes, Samson Fish, Dhufish as well as various plant and corals that are attaching themselves to and around the wreck.

Back on land, there are numerous property choices in the Busselton area ranging from small cottages to traditional suburban family homes and from beach retreats to rural or semi-rural properties.

There is a wide variety of attractions, with Busselton the home of many historic and often majestic historic homes and public buildings. One of these is Wonnerup House, at the south western end of the tuart forest.

Built by the pioneering Layman family from 1837 (the present Wonnerup House was built in 1859), George Layman, age 31, was killed after being speared by a local Aboriginal in 1841. Today Wonnerup House is a living museum, operated since 1972 by the National Trust of Australia.

The Trust also maintains the school and teacher’s house built in 1874-5 opposite Wonnerup House.

Caves House at Yallingup was built in 1901 after Ned Dawson and Fred Seymour explored what are now the Yallingup Caves and the Caves Board opened 13 caves outfitted with “the electric light”.

The Busselton Courthouse and Police/Jail complex today stand as a combined museum, arts workshop and cafĂ© and represent some of Busselton’s oldest buildings. Built from 1860 to 1900 the complex in Queen Street near the Busselton jetty, the buildings were originally intended to house the town’s police and administration but grew to include a prison, court, post and telegraph office, police quarters, stables and customs house.

Other Busselton landmarks and places of interest are the Old Butter Factory, Millbrook Mill and Limekiln, Abbey Farm, Little Holland House, Sandilands Homestead, Lockeville Homestead, numerous craft centres and wineries and then the host of dazzling Busselton and Dunsborough beaches, coves and points.

John Bussell, who before emigrating to Australia, hoped to join the church, was a regular preacher at the St Mary’s church which was built in 1844 and still stands as a proud monument at the entry to Busselton.

Opposite St Mary’s church is the Ballarat Engine, the first steam locomotive to see service in Western Australia. The 15 horsepower Ballarat hauled up to 150 tons of timber at 10mph on a level track from 1871-1886 and today most children who have lived or visited the south west of Western Australia have played on this steam engine.

The Cape Naturaliste Lighthouse, 13km north-east of Dunsborough was constructed of limestone in 1904 30 metres above the sea. Many people, armed with binoculars use the vantage point to watch the mighration south of pods of whales. A timber lighthouse once also stood near the jetty at Queen Street.

There are 3 secondary schools in the Busselton area, several shopping centres, sporting grounds including great golf courses and a public hospital.

Shops are normally open 8.30am-5.30pm Monday to Friday and 8.30am-5.00pm Saturdays with late night shopping until 9pm on Thursday. Several shopping areas have extended trading hours 7 days a week. Banks only operate 10am - 4pm Monday through Thursday and until 5pm on Fridays, although credit and building societies normally also open on Saturday mornings. There are a host of automatic teller machines and bank agencies dotted in and around Busselton.

Many restaurants are open early and close late, with the remainder open in the evenings from around 6pm and for lunch around 12-2pm. There's a bevy of fast-food options both within the city area and heading south towards Dunsborough and Margaret River.

To get around Busselton there are ample modern taxis, a public bus transport service but we’d recommend hiring your own vehicle as many of the attractions are out of town. The Cape Naturaliste Tourism Association’s main base in Peel Terrace, opposite the Ballarat steam engine, will also assist with additional maps and local knowledge.

There are several Busselton medical practices and we have a listing of emergency medical contacts on our "Contact" page.

The main Post Office is in the CBD area near Bi-Lo, and postage stamps can also be purchased at local newsagencies. Postage for a standard letter, anywhere in Australia, is 50c.

Free to Air TV channels in Busselton are the ABC, GWN, WIN and SBS but many homes also receive the Perth networks 7, 9 and 10. Foxtel pay TV is also available. The electricity supply in Busselton, like the rest of Australia, is 240v. While you are travelling you can be updated on Busselton, Dunsborough and the South West region by turning to Western Tourist Radio. In Busselton turn to 96.5FM and in Dunsborough 98.4FM.

City and suburban locations in the Busselton area include Dunsborough, Yallingup, Jarrahwood, Vasse, Carbanup, Wonnerup, Broadwater, Geographe, Eagle Bay, West Busselton, Abbey, Quindalup and Bovell. There is a full listing of Busselton real estate in our Busselton real estate guide.

The Busselton and Dunsborough areas are also a popular retirement centre and the south west area is also now home to a substantial expat community from the USA, Canada, South Africa, Zimbabwe and Botswana. Our Busselton real estate guide is of obvious benefit to business migrants, retirees and the local Busselton community.